Food Security Among Young Adults with Disabilities

this project was completed September 30, 2016

Disability, Food Security and SNAP Participation Among Transition Age Youth (age 18-25)

While most people in the U.S. have adequate access to food, some persons experience food insecurity, lacking the money and resources to acquire the food necessary for active, healthy living. This project used data from the National Health Interview Survey to examine differences in food insecurity and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation by disability type for young adults, controlling for demographic characteristics. This research adds depth to existing research on the relationship between disabilities and food insecurity, focusing on an age group that has generally been understudied with regard to food insecurity.

The USDA Food and Nutrition Service recently funded the collection of a 30-day adult food security module for the National Health Interview Survey. This project will use that available data to examine differences in food security and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation by disability type for transition age youth, controlling for demographic characteristics. Levels of food security will also be compared across SNAP participants by disability type. This research will add depth to existing research on the relationship between disabilities and food insecurity and focus on an age group that has generally been understudied with regard to food security.

Project outcomes

Brucker, D.L. & Coleman-Jensen, A. (2017). Food insecurity across the adult lifespan for persons with disabilities. Journal of Disability Policy Studies. DOI: 10.1177/1044207317710701.

Brucker, D.L. & Nord, D. (2016). Food insecurity among young adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities: Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 121(6): 520-532. DOI: 10.1352/1944-7558-121.6.520

Brucker, D.L. (2016). Food security among young adults with disabilities in the United States: Findings from the National Health Interview Survey. Disability and Health Journal. 9(2): 298-305. DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2015.10.003

One additional article, summarizing the works above, is forthcoming in Amber Waves, a monthly publication of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service.

The Disability, Food security, and SNAP participation among transition age youth (age 18-25) project was funded by the USDA Economic Research Service from 2014-2016 under cooperative agreement 58-5000-4-0026. The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the USDA Economic Research Service and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.