Outcomes Related to Food Security

The Association of Food Security with Economic and Health Outcomes for Persons with Disabilities

Using linked data from the 2011 National Health Interview Survey and the 2012-2013 Medical Expenditures Panel Survey, we will investigate how economic and health outcomes differ by food security status among working-age adults (25-61) with disabilities, controlling for individual characteristics and Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation. Food security status will be gathered from the 2011 NHIS. Individual level economic (earnings and employment) and health (health care utilization, self-reported health status) outcomes will be gathered from the 2012 and 2013 MEPS.

We hypothesize that people with disabilities who live in food insecure households will have poorer health and economic outcomes than people with disabilities who live in food secure households. Hypotheses will be tested on three different sub-populations: persons with any disability, persons with psychological distress, and persons receiving public disability benefits. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and mixed effect models will examine outcomes of interest over time. Results will be shared in peer-reviewed journals and in USDA publications.


Brucker, D.L. (2017). The association of food insecurity with health outcomes for adults with disabilities. Disability & Health Journal, 10(2): 286-293. DOI: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2016.12.006.

Brucker, D.L. (2018). Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program participation among working-age adults with disabilities who experience employment exits and entries. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition. DOI: 10.1080/19329248.2018.1537870. (Online October 18, 2018).

This project was funded by the USDA Economic Research Service from 2015-2018 under cooperative agreement 58-5000-5-0098. The contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the USDA Economic Research Service and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.